At Charlton Manor Primary School we strive to ensure that all our pupils receive a well-rounded English curriculum through reading, writing and speaking and listening. By modelling high standards of language and vocabulary and exposing the children to a wide range of relevant, high quality texts, we equip them with a strong command of the spoken and written word which allows them to develop their love of literature and non-fiction texts through widespread exposure to a variety of texts and books.

By the end of KS1, children will be able to read a broad range of age-appropriate texts, both in class and for pleasure, across a variety of genres and subject areas. They should be able to read them accurately and with a level of decoding and fluency which allows them to focus on understanding what they read. They will be able to decode most new words outside their spoken vocabulary, making a good approximation of the word’s pronunciation.

By the end of KS2, our children will learn and understand the skills that they need to be fluent and confident readers, applying these skills both in class and for enjoyment. We nurture a love and passion for reading in our children by providing them with ample opportunities to read widely and often, both for pleasure and information. Children will be able to read aloud a wider range of poetry, plays and books written at an age-appropriate interest level with accuracy, fluency and expression. We aim for our children to be mature readers who have a desire to read across a wide range of genres, and who actively take part in book discussions by exploring themes and ideas and recommending books to peers.

During their time at Charlton Manor, children will become imaginative, creative and effective writers who can write clearly, accurately and coherently, adapting language and style across a range of contexts, purposes and audiences. The children are exposed to a range of high quality model texts in different genres that allows them to develop their writing skills. These writing tools are built upon each year to allow the children to develop their understanding of effective writing across a range of genres, within both fiction and non-fiction. By the end of KS1, children should be able to write down their ideas with a reasonable degree of accuracy and with good sentence punctuation. They should be aware of how to orally rehearse a sentence before writing it down and to write for a range of purposes, including narratives, real events and poetry.

By the end of KS2, children are also able to effectively use a range of sophisticated Tier 2 vocabulary, encountered and explored through reading and model texts, which they can apply in their own writing. They will be able to quickly write down their ideas and compose a range of different pieces of writing with a broad understanding of grammar and punctuation and the effect it has on the text and the reader. The children are taught the necessary skills to evaluate their own writing and are provided with numerous opportunities for rewriting and editing, both individually and with peers, to gain an understanding of what underpins an effective piece of writing. In addition, the children acquire and are taught a range of grammar and punctuation and learn how to apply this effectively to improve the effectiveness of their writing.

By the end of KS2, we strive to ensure the continual development of pupils’ confidence and competence in spoken language and listening skills. The children are encouraged to listen carefully across a range of situations and to different audiences, as well as to ask relevant questions to extend their understanding and knowledge.  Our aim is for the children to become confident, coherent speakers who can engage in discussions, debates and dramatic performances, controlling their speaking and listening consciously.


At Charlton Manor, we follow the Letters and Sounds phonics programme across EYFS and Key Stage 1. Children in Reception have weekly phonics lessons through Play Phonics, while children in both Reception and Year 1 have discreet phonics lessons daily. Lessons are taught in a fun, engaging and multi-sensory way, and phonics skills are regularly practised and applied in all lessons. Children in Nursery follow Phase 1 phonics, but are also introduced to a phase 2 letter once every week. Both at home and at school, children have access to a wide range of Oxford Reading Tree texts which are carefully matched to their phonics development. We also use Project X Code, an intervention programme which targets children age 6 and above who still need to develop and consolidate their phonics knowledge.


Throughout Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2, children’s reading progression is carefully and accurately tracked and assessed using Oxford Reading Levels (which stop at Level 20). Beyond this, children are considered to be free readers. Those who continue to struggle with decoding, vocabulary, fluency and comprehension in Key Stage 2 have targeted interventions using Nelson Comprehension, Project X Origins and Project X Code, depending on the level and needs of the individual child.

From Year 2 to Year 6, classes have a weekly whole class guided reading session which uses a relevant high quality text – be it poetry, non-fiction or fiction – to teach key reading skills, grammar in context and improve vocabulary and writing. Guided reading is also encouraged in all subjects, including English, Maths & Science and across all foundation subjects. For science, history, geography and RE, all classes from Years 1 to 6 have set texts which are designed to challenge and match their termly topics.

We have a school library and every classroom has its own book corner, allowing children to select books that they enjoy and can read at home with their parents and carers. Teachers help children to select books and ensure children are choosing texts which are at an appropriate level. Children are expected to read at home daily, whether that’s independently or with an adult. Through the Oxford Owl, children also have access to 550 levelled books online, which accurately match to all levels of reading ability. Many of these books have accompanying audio, allowing children to follow along with the words. 

At the end of every day, class teachers read a quality text to their class for 15 minutes during story time. The texts are challenging and are another opportunity for elements of guided reading, although the primary focus is on enjoyment and reading for pleasure.

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